The name 'Chitwan' has several possible meanings, but the most literal translation of the two NEPALI words that make it up: chit or Chita (heart) and wan or ban (jungle). Chitwan is thus `the heart if the jungle'.
At the beginning of the nineteenth century, cultivation in the valley was deliberately prohibited by the government of Nepal in order to maintain a barrier of disease- ridden forest as a defense again the invasion of diseases from the south. Then for the century between 1846 and 1950, when the Rana prime minister were de fact rulers of Nepal, Chitwan was declared a private hunting reserve, maintained exclusively for the privileged classes. Penalties for poaching were sever-capital punishment for killing rhino- and the wildlife in the area thus received a measure of protection.
From time to time great hunts for rhino were held during the cool, mosquito free winter months from December to February. The Rana invited royalty from Europe and the princely states of India, as well as other foreign dignitaries, to take part in these grand maneuvers, which were organized on a magnification scale, often with several hundred leopards.
The park has a range of climatic seasons each offering each unique experience. October through February with average temperatures of 25oc offer an enjoyable climate. From March to June temperatures can reach as high as 43oc. The hot humid days give way to the monsoon season that typically lasts from late June until September, rivers become flooded and roads are impossible.
In late January, local villages are allowed to cut thatch grasses to meet their needs, which offer a better viewing of wildlife for visitors. Also, between September and November and February and April, migratory birds join the residential birds and create spectacular bird watching opportunities. While the monsoon rains bring lush vegetation, most trees flower in late winter. The palash tree, known as the "flame of the forest' and silk cotton tree have spectacular crimson flowers that can be seen from a distance.
The park consists of a diversity of ecosystems-including the Churia hills, Ox-bow lakes, and the flood plains of the Rapti, Reu and Narayani Rivers. The Churia hills rise slowly towards the East from 150m. To more than 800m. The western portion of the park is comprised of the lower but more rugged, someshwor hill. The park shares its eastern boundary with parse wildlife Reserve.
FLORA AND FAUNA
The Chitwan valley consists of tropical and subtropical forests. Sal forests cover 70 percent of the park. Sal leaves are used locally for plates in festivals and religious offerings.
Grassland covers 20 percent of the park. There are more than 50 different types of grasses, including the elephant grass (saccharum spp), renowned for its immense height. It can grow up to 8m in height. The park is home to more to more than 50 mammal species, over 525birds, and 55amphibians and reptiles. The endangered fauna found in the park are: One-horned rhinoceros, gaur. Royal Bengal tiger. Wild elephant, four horned antelope, pangolin, Golden monitor lizard, python, etc. Bengal florince. Lesser florince, Giant hornbill, Black stork, white stork, etc.
The park offers interesting sites and activities sites and activities. The display at the visitor centre at sauraha provides fascinating information on wildlife and conservation program. The women's user groups' souvenir shop offers a variety of handicrafts and other local products for gifts and souvenirs.
Elephant safari provides opportunity to get a closer view of the endangered one-horned rhinoceros. One may also get a glimps of the elusive Bengal tiger. The Elephant breeding Center at Khorsor, Sauraha gives you information on captive elephant and the calves born there.
Inside the park, there are number of resorts run by park concessionaires the can provide lodging and access to wildlife activities. Various resorts and lodges situated outside the park also offer variety of services.
HOW TO GET THERE
Chitwan is linked by public buses, tourist coaches, and air service from Katmandu, Pokhara and others major city.
Jungle safari 2 Night /3 Days Package Program in Chitwan
Arrive, meet and transfer via both across the Narayani River to Resort. On reaching resort, our guest relations officer will brief guest.
1:00 pm: Lunch
3:30: pm: Elephant Safari/ jungle Walk /Nature walk with boat ride.
8:00: pm: Dinner
5:30am: Wake up call followed by tea/ coffee.
6:00am: Bird watching/ Elephant safari / jungle walk.
9:30am: Crocodile walk. A 45 minutes walk through grassland and forest upstream of the Narayani River. Board to observe crocodiles along the banks while floating back to the camp.
3:30pm: Elephant Safari/ jungle walk / Visit Observation tour / Nature walk with boat Ride.
5:30am: wake up call followed by tea /coffee.
6:00am: Bird watching /Elephant safari / jungle walk.
(The trip price will vary depending on the group size, duration and services required. Please contact us via our website with your details to obtain a quote.)
- All safari Activities
- All jungle activities
- All accommodations while safari including breakfast, lunch and dinner.
- Highly experienced Government licensed safari guide during the trip.
- Government / Local taxes, Tourist service charge, guide insurance and national park fee.
- Transportation to and from Katmandu by air or road per itinerary.
- Airport Departure tax.
- Any type of personal expenses, such as alcoholic beverages and drinks, phone and laundry.